On March 3, 2004, the USTR released draft free trade agreements between the United States and Australia. The Australian government did not have a majority in the Senate and therefore needed the support of the opposition Labor Party, the Greens, the Democrats or independent senators to get ratification. The government put pressure on Labor Party chairman Mark Latham to gain opposition support for the agreement (knowing that Latham, among many Labour members, saw the free trade agreement as beneficial). The issue had divided the party, particularly the left-wing group argued that labour should reject the deal. Chapter 19 raises concerns that a relaxation of environmental legislation would allow the parties to obtain commercial benefits. Data elements for the Australian Free Trade Agreement – 19 CFR 10.724The alternative to the presentation of a certificate of origin can be used by Australian producers and exporters and US importers when they claim that their products comply with the requirements of the Australian Free Trade Agreement. In addition, this section describes customs cooperation to ensure the implementation of the rules of the agreement and outlines possible measures that can be taken when the exporting country appears to be acting in bad faith. Free trade agreements provide a mechanism to facilitate trade in goods. Each agreement contains information and links to legislation, guidelines and opinions on rules of origin and access to preferential rates. In Australia, the Agreement Implementation Act, the 2004 Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act, was reluctantly passed by the Senate on August 13, 2004 with amendments.
After some delay, the US administration accepted the amendment of Australian legislation as compatible with the implementation of the agreement. [Citation required] Chapter 4 deals with the trade in textiles and clothing between the two countries. Most of this section includes rules of origin for textile products and protection of the internal markets of both countries. The agreement provides for an emergency mechanism if the sudden increase in imports due to the reduction in tariffs has negative effects on the domestic industry of the importing country. Article 21.1 of the U.S.-Australia Free Trade Agreement (AUSFTA) provides for a joint committee to monitor the implementation of the agreement and to review trade relations between the parties. The committee is made up of government representatives, co-chaired by the U.S. Trade Representative and the Australian Trade Minister or their representative. The Joint Committee meets periodically each year to review the overall functioning of the Agreement, review and examine specific issues related to its activities, review and adopt amendments, facilitate the prevention and resolution of disputes arising from the Agreement, and interpret the Agreement; Explore opportunities to improve trade relations between the parties; and take any other action agreed upon by the parties. According to the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, the trade imbalance between the United States and Australia increased significantly in 2007. The United States has become Australia`s largest source of imports, with more than AUD 31 billion in goods and services.
However, Australia`s exports to the United States reached only $15.8 billion.  The real benefits of the agreement are not clear. Chapter 2 of the Free Trade Agreement sets out the conditions of the nature of non-discrimination. Some types of goods are immediately fully applicable to the contract and some are imported over a one-year period or a period of temporary application. This section also describes the evidence and verifications as to whether the products traded are in fact from the exporting country, as required by the agreement.