Effects of Climate on Vegetation and Wildlife
Climate is the weather condition of a place over a long time. A place with vegetation has a good look that not only attracts tourists but also makes the owner feel the product as they get fresh air. Wildlife also gives human beings companion as they go to see and enjoy their company. Most vegetation and wildlife adapt to the climate of a particular place and any alteration may have a great negative impact. Human beings and most animals depend on the vegetation for food. The environment also is affected by the available vegetation. Wildlife is a great benefit to most states as it attracts tourists and in turn, the state earns foreign exchange. Human activities are one of the common things that cause a climatic change of a place. There are various effects of climate on vegetation and wildlife and this article will help you to learn more about them.
The first effect of climate on vegetation and wildlife is that it leads to a decrease in the population. A change in climate affects the growth of vegetation and wildlife who depend on these for food also gets affected as they die of hunger considering that only the fittest will survive the situation. If rainfall reduces, the vegetation will not grow accordingly and there will also be no water for the wildlife animals to drink. On the other hand, too much rainfall also is not convenient for both vegetation and wildlife since they rot and the body of these animals gets sick which may cause death. Animals migrate also to a suitable place and thus reducing the population. Vegetation may not migrate but most of them die when they cannot handle the extreme conditions.
The second effect of climate on vegetation and wildlife is decreased productivity. The vegetation or wildlife may not die but their productivity is affected. Any animal products like horns, meat are reduced due to climate conditions that are less hospitable to them. Fruits and other useful parts of the vegetation will also not grow well which decreases productivity causing hunger. The products also may be poisoners to animals due to the inconvenient climate condition that causes unwanted elements on the products. All these also have an impact on the income of most people who work in the wildlife industry as well as the general income of the state.
Lastly, climate affects the vegetation and wildlife by causing diseases and pests. Drought exposes the animals and vegetation to certain pests and diseases and if it is encountered this may be a threat to the whole state. The implementation also may not be affordable to everyone since the climate is a natural calamity that is a bit expensive to control. If the climate condition prolongs also, controlling the pests and diseases might be a challenge since they reproduce making it hard to control. Sometimes, these diseases also can be transmitted to human beings which becomes a big problem for the state. The above-discussed effects are encountered on vegetation and wildlife.