This research guide provides selected sources of information for those exploring U.S. trade with China. The target group ranges from trade policy makers, scientists, analysts and economists to students and the general public interested in U.S. trade with China, particularly U.S. trade policy with China. Today, we are taking an important step that china has never taken towards a future of fair and reciprocal trade, as we sign the first phase of the historic U.S.-China trade agreement. Together, we are correcting the injustices of the past and creating a future of economic justice and security for American workers, farmers and families. And it will be a great agreement for both countries. That is well over $200 billion, and it will grow every year. It also unites countries. Economist Panos Mourdoukoutas explains that Chinese elites are fighting the trade war on the assumption that China had achieved “parity of power” with the United States and that an economic divorce between the two countries would certainly have some consequences for the United States, but would also be devastating for China.
 When Trump introduced tariffs on steel and aluminum in March 2018, he said, “Trade wars are good and easy to win” but as the conflict escalated until August 2019, Trump said, “I never said China would be easy.”   While updates on the trade war have informed investors for much of the past two years, the formal signing of the agreement has been met with a shrug. The S-P 500 increased by about 0.2%. An indicator for semiconductor companies, which were particularly sensitive to the trade war, fell by more than 1 percent. In an april 2018 article in Forbes, Harry G. Broadman, a former U.S. trade negotiator, said he agreed with the Trump administration`s core position that the Chinese do not respect fair, transparent, market-based rules for global trade, but contradicted its means of unilaterally enforcing tariffs and said the government should instead adopt a coalition-based approach.  And even some representatives of the Trump administration have been cautious about a new customs war that would cause markets to falter and would likely result in the S-P 500. SPX, which acted this week close to records. The agreement also contains obligations, at least on paper, to stop the forced transfer of U.S.
technology to Chinese competitors. Companies have long complained about having to issue valuable business secrets and technologies to do business in China. China has pledged not to require such transfers, even if companies apply for certain government licenses or authorizations. Chilean Deputy Trade Minister Rodrigo Yanez told CNBC: “It is very important for Chile that a trade agreement between the United States and China is soon to be signed.”  “A Ceremony at the White House cannot hide the glaring truth about China`s Phase 1 trade agreement: this agreement does nothing to reduce China`s subsidies to its manufacturers,” said Scott Paul, president of the Alliance for American Manufacturing, which includes manufacturers and the United Steelworkers union.